10th October is observed as World Mental health Day for creating and raising the awareness regarding issues associated with mental health, and disabilities and social stigmas associated with mental disorders.
The World Health Organization defines mental health as a “state of well-being whereby individuals recognize their abilities, are able to cope with the normal stresses of life, work productively and fruitfully, and make a contribution to their communities.
What is the theme of World Mental Health day in 2018?
The theme of Mental Health day in 2018 is “Young people and mental health in a changing world”.
Statistics of World Health Organization on Mental Health issues:
- As per WHO statistics, Half of all mental illness begins by the age of 14, but most cases go undetected and untreated.
- Mental disorders have increased considerably among adolescents in the past 20-30 years
- Depression is the third leading cause of diseases among adolescents.
- Suicide is the second leading cause of death among 15-29-year-old
Mentally healthy teens are optimistic, happy and prepared for life by acquiring life skills, and ready for facing challenges. This is true as a healthy mind creates a healthy body, while an unhealthy mind ruins a healthy body.
Generally, age group of 11 to 19 years is considered to be healthy but the fact is their bodies are undergoing rigorous mental and physical changes, making them super-sensitive to the changes in surroundings. Apart from physical changes in body, adolescence and those in early adulthood, kids face mental challenges too, putting an impact on overall mental health.
10 October-World Mental Health Day
Young souls are full of energies which need to be channelized in some positive, constructive and productive way, failing which can lead to mental ailments.
Why Mental Disorders are Increasing in Kids?
Mental disorders have increased considerably among adolescents in the past 20-30 years.
The rise has been driven by social change, including disruption of family structure, growing youth unemployment, and increasing peer, educational and vocational pressures, changes in lifestyle changes, social circle, physical activity, food pattern, too much indulgence of technology.
Other reasons which may raise an emotional turmoil in a kid can be leaving home, shifting schools, going to universities, employment, money, jobs, interpersonal relationships, social status and adjustments, self-image, familial conflicts, domestic violence, sexual abuses, early marriages and teen pregnancies, emergencies and natural disasters.
Normal Vs Abnormal Behavior
Mood fluctuations, exploration of one’s identity and deviant behaviours comes as a part and parcel of the normal development process of a growing child. It is absolutely normal for young people to feel depressed from time to time and for this mood to last several days. But, normal behaviours can be distinguished from more serious problems by the duration, persistence, and impact of the symptoms.
Change is the rule of nature. Everyone born on this earth needs to acclimatize with time. Here comes the role of mental resiliency, but somehow some people will not be able to cope with changes, the actual conflict between past and present status crops up, bringing along mental instability and agony. A small period of emotional liability, if persists can be converted into lifelong mental health issues characterized by some combination of abnormal thoughts, emotions, behaviour and relationships with others.
When to Worry for Mental Health?
1. If your child remains constantly in a low mood, low energy, cry easily, shows lack of interest in usual activities
2. Frequent complaints of discomfort or pain such as a headache, stomachache, backache, and sleep problems.
3. Self-harming behaviours
4. Excessive aggression
5. Isolation and loneliness
6. Deviant behaviours such as theft and robbery
7. Poor an academic performance or behaviour change
8. The tendency of use of psychoactive substances, including over the counter medications painkillers, laxatives etc.
9. Weight loss or failure to gain weight with growth.
Are you Raising an Emotionally Healthy Kid?