How to Manage Pain due to Braces on Teeth

braces-pain

First question of most of the people who wants to have go for braces ” Will it hurt to have braces”. Undoubtedly, orthodontic treatment affects an individual’s appearance, speech, ability to take in nutrition, and their social interactions. Pain experience is reported by 91% to 94% of patients undergoing orthodontic treatment.Not only orthodontic treatment, every treatment needs patient compliance. Perhaps, anticipation of pain associated with orthodontic treatment can give hiccups to patient’s decision to go for orthodontic treatment than any other factor mentioned above. This may be a major reason of concern for patients, guardians, and clinicians  and sometimes is a reason for untimely  termination of ongoing treatment.

Treatment with braces is an active treatment,  an Orthodontist glues brackets on teeth to which  wires are engaged to apply forces to move teeth into desirable position, so its obvious to have mild discomfort and pain. Pain relatively starts within four hours, increases over the next 24 hours, and decreases within seven days after initial bonding. Thus,  the intensity of pain and discomfort is high during initial phase of treatment, tapers down as the time passes by and patient gets used to the ‘Foreign object’ in the mouth. The pain may be high every time your orthodontist makes adjustments in three or four weekly appointment.  But perception of pain is a subjective response, which shows large individual variations. Response may range from feelings of pressure, tension, soreness of the teeth to pain. Not only pain duedto archwire activation, Orthodontic pain  can originate from mucosal ulcer, tongue discomfort and gingival lesion, caused by orthodontic appliance

Factors which are responsible for large individual variation are  age, gender, individual pain threshold, the magnitude of the force applied, present emotional state and stress, cultural differences, and previous pain experiences. Also, discomfort or pain may  vary in intensity and duration.

Why does it pain

Orthodontic pain, an inflammatory pain, shares many similar features with common inflammation.

Periodontal ligament is a network of fibers running in different directions and attach the tooth to surrounding bone. When force is being applied to tooth in orthodontic treatment, periodontal ligament is compressed in some areas  and stretched at other point. Along with stretching and compression there are changes in blood flow, and resulted ischemia and inflammation due to release of inflammatory mediators such as histamine, bradykinin, prostaglandins, serotonin, and substance P are released, resulting in patient pain.

Pain after orthodontic appointments can be perceived as discomfort, dull pain and hypersensitivity in affected teeth.

Tips to ease pain after orthodontic appointment

Eat soft food

Avoid food which is hard in consistency as pain after orthodontic archwire activation will be aggravated by food, hard in consistency due to moderate to extreme difficulty in chewing and biting foods of a firm to hard consistency. Eat food which is  soft in consistency.

What Should we Eat and Avoid with Braces?

 

Maintenance of good oral hygiene

It is atmost important to maintain absolute oral hygiene. Poor oral hygiene may aggravate gum related problems. Poor gums are not suitable candidate for Orthodontic treatment.

Oral Hygiene Maintenance with Braces

Warm saline rinses

Salt water also helps to heal the sores, cuts and ulceration in your inner mouth and gums caused by components of braces.

Benefits of Warm Saline Gargles

Mechanical approaches

Vibration

Vibration is applied to teeth through a vibrating device that is placed in their mouths.

Chewing gums

This will temporarily displace the teeth sufficiently to allow blood to flow through compressed areas preventing a build up of metabolic products.

Make sure the gum is low tack (less sticky) and sugar-free. Chewing gum can decrease caries risk too, by increasing salivary flow, which helps clear food and dilute acid away from your teeth.

Aspergum—a weak analgesic chewing gum with aspirin, after orthodontic mechanotherapy.

Biting wafers

Acupuncture.

Acupuncture is performed through inserting systemic needles at Hegu (LI4), which is located at the dorsum of the hand between the first and second metacarpal bones.

Pharmacological approach

Pain killers

Non-SteroidalAnti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) is the preferred method of pain control which is related to fixed orthodontic appliances.

These drugs effectively reduce the discomfort and pain caused by appliances by inhibiting or at least reducing the inflammatory response caused by the applied force.

Use an oral analgesic gel.

An oral analgesic gel can be applied to your gums and teeth to help alleviate any discomfort. These pain relievers can be purchased over-the-counter and are topically applied so that you can direct the medication as needed.

Anesthetic gel ‘oraqix’, Combination of lidocaine and prilocaine in 1:1 ratio by weight.

Orthodontic wax

This tasteless wax is simply placed on your braces in problematic areas to prevent the metal from irritating your mouth.

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