What is Pink Eye? Types, Causes and Treatment


What is Pink Eye?

Pink eye is an eye syndrome that makes it “Red”. Mostly it is a term used when a person gets infection with “conjunctivitis”.  In most of the cases, it heals itself but sometimes it requires medical attention.

Both virus and bacteria can cause pink eye. Bacteria pink eye causes green or yellow discharge, and virus causes clear or white discharge.

There is one more case which can cause pink eye; Allergy. Allergy can cause redness with itching.

Though pink eye is contagious, means, it can spread from one person to another via contact or without any contact. It can be cured in 24 hours but can take weeks also if it is more serious.

Normally, eye drops and antibiotics treatment is opted for the cure of pink eye.

In any case, it is always advisable to consult an ophthalmologist if you see early symptoms of eye infection.

Types of Pink eye or Conjunctivitis

As mentioned above, a pink eye is often a result of infection due to bacteria or virus, and sometime can be due to allergic reaction. Therefore, treatment to conjunctivitis varies and depends upon the type and cause behind it ie, bacteria or virus.

Virus Conjunctivitis

When a virus is the reason behind pink eye, it is more contagious. It starts with nose and spreads in air while sneezing. A viral infection takes few days before the eye becomes pink but infects others faster. It takes few days to go away and is not responsive to antibiotics.

Treatment of virus Pink eye

  1. Use lubricating eye drop to remove dryness of eye
  2. Hot or cold compresses to relieve eye

Bacteria Conjunctivitis

Bacteria pink eye is responsive to antibiotics.  It can be cured by eye drops and ointment most of the cases. However, in some cases antibiotics are prescribed.

Allergic Conjunctivitis

Sometimes-pink eye causes itching in eyes, which could be some allergic reaction. Allergic conjunctivitis is an eye infection that causes inflammation by some allergic reaction to substances like pollen. These substances attack the covering of eyeballs called conjunctiva.

Symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis are

  1. Watery eye
  2. Running nose
  3. Sore throat
  4. Burning sensation in eyes
  5. Redness in eyes
  6. Light sensitivity

Allergic conjunctivitis is of two types: Acute and Chronic allergic conjunctivitis.

Acute allergy is causes more itching, swelling and burning sensation to eyes. Chronic conjunctivitis also causes itching and burning of eyes as a result of allergy due to food, dust or some other reason.

Few Causes of Allergy conjunctivitis

  1. Pollen
  2. Household dust
  3. Perfumes, deodorants or such spray chemicals
  4. Specific food like banana, eggs, dairy products etc.

3 Common Skin Problems in Monsoon Season

Home Remedies to cure conjunctivitis

However, kids are more susceptible to conjunctivitis but it can happen to any age group of people. Sometimes it is not possible to prevent it from happening. We can follow the following home remedies to cure conjunctivitis.

  1. Don’t share towels, comb or personal belongings with the infected person
  2. Wash bed sheets and cushions
  3. Lubricate eyes with ointment and wash with clean water
  4. Drink a lot of water to hydrate body
  5. Apply cold compresses to your eyes
  6. Wash hands and follow hygiene
  7. Close windows to avoid pollen
  8. Use indoor air purifier to avoid allergic conjunctivitis
  9. Avoid using deodorants, perfumes etc., that can cause allergic conjunctivitis
  10. Clean your house to make it dust-free


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