Every country owns a national flag which serves as its pride. Any nation is represented by its National flag. The flag is a symbol of pride, dignity, honour, ideology and recognition of a nation. A flag may be a piece of cloth, few meters in dimension, of different shapes, sizes, colours or designs, but the underlying fact is that it has the innate ability to connect whole nation in one bond – the bond of love and pride for the motherland which signifies moral values of any nation.
No one can deny that no matter which country we are now but the mere sight of our National flag makes us connected to the soil of our country.
However, most of us are unaware of the normal protocol for flag hoisting and manufacturing – Flag code of India. Before 2002, it was forbidden to hoist flag by the common man. Industrialist Naveen Jindal filed a case claiming that flag hoisting should be a fundamental right of every Indian citizen. Undeterred by directions to remove the National Flag from his factory premises, Jindal fought a 7-year long legal battle and finally emerged victorious in 2002.
The bench headed by Chief Justice V N Khare said that under Article 19(1)A “right to fly the national flag freely with respect and dignity is a fundamental right of a citizen within the meaning of Article 19(1) (a) of the Constitution of India, being an expression and manifestation of his allegiance and feelings and sentiments of pride for the nation”.
However, whosoever, private educational institutes, the central and state government their agencies and organisation,
The Indian national flag should always occupy a position of honour and should be distinctly placed in any setting.
We Indians also have our pride, our flag known as ”Tiranga” owing to the three colours it carries with it. These three colours are Saffron, White and Green, and each has its own significance. These three colours represent inculcating moral values which root deep down in Indian soil.
Importance of Three Colours in Tiranga
The national flag of India is also called “Tiranga” because of the three colours with which it is made up of. The topmost colour is Saffron that indicates the strength and bravery of the country. It pays tributes to the freedom fighters and is a symbol of their strength and sacrifices. The middle white colour indicates peace and truth. The blue chakkra with 24 spikes shows 24 hours a day. The third which is the green colour is for prosperity, growth and fertility of the motherland India.
The significance of the colours and the chakra in the National Flag was amply described by Dr S. Radhakrishnan in the Constituent Assembly which unanimously adopted the National Flag.
Dr S. Radhakrishnan explained—“Bhagwa or the saffron colour denotes renunciation of disinterestedness. Our leaders must be indifferent to material gains and dedicate themselves to their
The white in the centre is light, the path of truth to guide our conduct.
The green shows our relation to soil, our relation to the plant life here on which all other life depends.
The Ashoka Wheel in the centre of the white is the wheel of the law of dharma. Truth or Satya, dharma or virtue ought to be the controlling principles of those who work under this flag. Again, the wheel denotes motion.
There is death in stagnation. There is life in movement. India should no more resist change, it must move and go forward. The wheel represents the dynamism of a peaceful change.”
Size and Shape of Our National Flag, “Tiranga”
The national flag of India is of the rectangular shape of correct proportions. The standard sizes of the National Flag, “Tiranga” are as follows:
Indian Flag is designed in the proportion of 3:2. Few of the recommended Flag dimensions in mm are:
6300 X 4200 mm
3600 X 2400mm
2700 X 1800 mm
1800 X 1200 mm
1350 X 900 mm
900 X 600 mm
450 X 300 mm
225 X 150 mm
150 X 100 mm
Fabric Used in the Making of Indian Flag
Different materials can be used as a fabric to make a flag but the best suitable material is Polyester. It is the most long-lasting material that is best suited for outdoor use. It posses higher outdoor lifespan owing to its more resistance to the external disturbing factors like wind. So, a flag made up of Polyester can be easily hoisted under extreme weather conditions.
The Indian flag is made up cotton, silk or special khaki material.
Who Manufactures Indian Flag?
Karnataka Khadi Gramodyoga Samyukta Sangha (KKGSS) is the only authorised manufacturing unit in Bangalore, India that manufactures and supplies the National Flags of India.
The Khadi and Village Industries Commission has certified KKGSS above as the only manufacturer and supplier unit of the Indian flags to the entire country. It has around 100 specialists in weaving and the same number of specialists in spinning who work hard in making the flags.
There are few standards for size and dimensions set up by the Bureau of Indian Standards(BIS).
There is one unit of KKGSS’s in Bagalkot that supplies material for making a flag. After getting the material, it passes through the process of dying in three colours. Three different lots of clothes are coloured with the standard three colours of our Tiranga. The blue chakkra with 24 spokes is printed on the white cloth.
After dyeing, the three pieces of the dyed colours are cut in the desired sizes. They are stitched together.
Sewing machines are imported from Japan to carry out the whole procedure of manufacturing flag. The blue chakkra is printed on both the sides of the flags with high precision as they should be looking overlapping each other one on another.
The ratio of 3:2 is maintained in making a flag. The flags manufactured are inspected by BIS and if a slight issue is also noticed, the whole lot gets rejected.
6 Steps involved in making a flag in the Federation are
- Hand spinning
- Hand Weaving
- Bleaching and dying of materials in three colours
- Blue Chakkra with 24 equal spokes printing
- Stitching and toggling of all the pieces together
Code of Conduct for National Flag
The Home Ministry of India has issued orders to follow Indian Flag Act 2002 with strictness. There are few codes of conducts to be followed for the use of the national flag in India. It is a set of laws and the practices to be followed that should be applied to the use and display of the flag. The height and width of the national flag “Tiranga” should be 3:2. The code of conduct was established in the year 2002 and has been divided into three parts.
- First Part
General Description of the National Flag. It has guidelines for the display of the flag and the material that should be used in its making. According to this only, cotton, special khadi stuff should be used in the manufacturing of national flag. But since there are very rare weavers left in the market for such type of weaving. According to the code of conduct, there should be exactly 150 threads per square centimetre, four threads per stitch. Also, the weight of one square foot should be exactly 205 grams.
- Second Part
It has a set of those guidelines that decide how to display a national flag in offices, private or organisations, schools and other educational institutions etc. For example, when two flags are spread out horizontally on a wall, their hoists should always be pointing towards each other with the saffron colour in the topmost. There are many other guidelines which prevent the misuse of a flag. The centre part of this white strip should have Ashoka Chakra with 24 spikes in navy blue colour.
It sets rules to display our National Flag in Central or State Governments and their agencies or organisations.
At the time of mourning our national flag should be flown at half-mast. Half-mast is meant hauling down the Flag to one half the distance between the top and the guy-line and in the absence of the guy-line, half of the staff.
But before flowing half-mast, it should be raised to the top of the mast and then slowly lowered down to half-mast. And, if there are other countries flags also along with the Indian flag, only the Indian flag is half-mast and not others.