7th April, every year is celebrated as World Health Day for creating, raising and propagating awareness of health among masses across the globe.
World Health Day is one of eight official global health campaigns marked by WHO, along with World Tuberculosis Day, World Immunization Week, World Malaria Day, World No Tobacco Day, World AIDS Day, World Blood Donor Day, and World Hepatitis Day.
First time in 1950, thought to celebrate and dedicate one day to health initiated under the sponsorship of the World Health Organization (WHO).
WHO was born on 7 April 1948. This day also marks the founding day of WHO and is observed by All Member States of the World Health Organization. Every year, this day is dedicated to a particular theme.
This year the theme is the same as that of the last year “Universal Health Coverage: everyone, everywhere”. Health should be the fundamental human right, accessible and affordable to everyone without any distinction based upon caste, creed, religion, region or socio-economic status. The full spectrum of essential, quality health services, from health promotion to prevention, treatment, rehabilitation, and palliative care should not be the reason for cropping up financial hardship to anyone. All UN Member States have agreed to try to achieve universal health coverage (UHC) by 2030, as part of the Sustainable Development Goals.
As per WHO statistics, even today:
- At least half of the world’s population still do not have full coverage of essential health services.
- About 100 million people are still being pushed into extreme poverty (defined as living on 1.90 USD or less a day) because they have to pay for health care.
- Over 800 million people (almost 12% of the world’s population) spent at least 10% of their household budgets to pay for health care.
An unexpected ailment in the family puts a huge financial burden on the entire family, ruining their futures and often those of their children. Ailments seem like a cyclone which engulfs everything to its centre. People sell, borrow or mortgage their assets, spend their life savings to treat there near and dear ones, dragging them into the poverty.
What is the benefit of healthcare facilities easily accessible but beyond the paying capacity?
Two important key factors for raising the infrastructure of a robust healthcare system are Accessibility and Affordability.