Ecotourism- Principles, Need and Benefits

ecotourismEcotourism is a term used for the form of travel which lets you travel in the lap of Mother Nature. It involves the travelling experience in the natural places, without disturbing the environment.

Year 2017 is being celebrated as the International year of Sustainable Tourism.

What is Ecotourism?

Ecotourism is made up of two words, Ecosystem and Tourism. Ecosystem is the system in which we live and includes earth, water, sun and all living and non-living things. Tourism means, travelling for happiness. Thus, Ecotourism is a tourism which involves visiting an Ecosystem.

The conventional form of tourism is not eco-friendly, and is not close to the nature, thereby, also called non-sustainable tourism. On the other hand, ecotourism is a sustainable tourism which emphasis on conservation of nature, education, spreading awareness to emphasis traveller responsibilities to keep up nature.

Travellers should be aware of the fact that they are having an impact on the local environment and thus should try to avoid as much harm as they could cause to the nature. This could be prevented by proper education and improving relationship between the locals and travellers to avoid conflict between them.

One of the main advantages of ecotourism is that it helps in revenue generation for the protection of national parks that might not be available from other sources along with other  job providing opportunities.

Why do we need Ecotourism?


Non Sustainable form of tourism needs water treatment plants, sanitation facilities, and other  infrastructure. It leaves behind garbage and degrades the environment. People use the agricultural land or the pavements that causes soil-erosion. Sometimes travellers hurt animals while taking photographs.

The percentage of people travelling is increasing but still the locals are not getting this money. The non-sustainable form of tourism pollutes the environment and degrades its value. It adds garbage to the running water and pollutes air quality also.

The travellers should be sensitive enough not to cause any harm to the Mother Nature and this is possible by education only.

Also Read: 22 April: Importance of Earth Day

Principles of Ecotourism

  • More sensitive approach towards local and rural local and tradition
  • Sustainable benefits to local people and their communities
  • Educate both traveler and local communities for environmental care and sustainability
  • Provide financial benefits and more jobs to the local people
  • Positive experiences for travelers and hosts
  • Minimize social, behavioral and physical impacts on the nature

Benefits of Ecotourism towards society, economy and environment

Ecotourism helps in the cure of Social and Economic issues

  •  Social Issues
    It educates travelers to behave sensibly towards the sustainable tourism. By spreading awareness through brochures, pamphlets, leaflets or any other form of presentation, the conflicts between local and traveler interactions could be prevented which normally happens due to misunderstandings.
  •  Economic Issues
    Ecotourism helps in the revenue generation by employing local people and helps in job creation for them.
  • Environmental issues
    With increase in environmental issues, Ecotourism is the need of hour. It encourages travelers to behave in a sensible way with proper education.

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